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Fatal Error Solutions
     
 

REGISTRY_ERROR

STOP: 0x00000051

 
  Description  
     
 

A critical registry error has occurred, likely due to a corrupted registry or possibly faulty hardware in accessing the registry.

This is a fatal Windows error, typically called a Stop message, Bug Check, or more commonly the Blue Screen of Death (BSoD). The system is in a forced reboot state. Any unsaved work is likely lost.

 
   
  Sample Screen  
     
 

A problem has been detected and Windows has been shut down to prevent damage to your computer.

REGISTRY_ERROR

If this is the first time you've seen this Stop error screen, restart your computer. If this screen appears again, follow these steps:

Check to make sure any new hardware or software is properly installed. If this is a new installation, ask your hardware or software manufacturer for any Windows updates you might need.

If problems continue, disable or remove any newly installed hardware or software. Disable BIOS memory options such as caching or shadowing. If you need to use Safe Mode to remove or disable components, restart your computer, press F8 to select Advanced Startup Options, and then select Safe Mode.

Technical Information:

*** STOP: 0x00000051

Beginning dump of physical memory
Physical memory dump complete.

Contact your system administrator or technical support group for further
assistance.

 
 
Text may appear differently depending on where the error occurs.
Additional technical information (hex values) specific to a machine are not shown.
 
   
  Key Facts  
     
 
Full Title
  REGISTRY_ERROR 

Stop Code
  0x00000051 

Type
  Fatal 

occurance meter
Windows
  2000, XP, Vista, 2008, 7, 8

Vendor
  Microsoft Corporation
 
   
  Solutions and Fixes  
     
 
  date Votes Ratings
Use Last Known Good Configuration
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If you are unable successfully boot into Windows because of the fatal error, Windows has an option to reload registry information from the last successful boot. To revert to the last successful boot:

  1. Reboot the computer.
  2. Near the end of the BIOS messages or graphic, but well before anything appears from Windows, press the F8 key. You may only have a few seconds to get the right spot to press F8 before it attempts to go into Windows. If the BIOS complains about a pressed key or asks you to go into BIOS setup, you've pressed F8 too soon (Don't go into BIOS setup).
  3. When successful, you should see a black screen with white text "Windows Advanced Options". Use the up or down arrow keys to highlight Last Known Good Configuration and press Enter.
 
   
 
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  FaultWire Staff
Posted: 5-Oct-2008
 
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Restore From Backup or Image
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If you know the hardware is good and you have a current backup or image of the drive, you could reformat the hard drive and start over. This is often the last resort when all else fails, as you will often lose your latest settings and important data. If you have a spare drive, it may be worth it to install the drive in place of the first drive and do a fresh install of Windows. This will help confirm if this is a hardware or software issue (unless the original system drive is the source of the problem).
 
   
 
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  FaultWire Staff
Posted: 5-Oct-2008
 
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Perform Registry Cleaning
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Fix any registry problems. Use a registry fixer tool to accomplish this. A good registry fixer will fix or remove bad entries and orphaned entries left over from a badly behaving uninstall.

One registry fixer tool that stands out in competitive reviews is part of Fix-It Utilities Professional and SystemSuite Professional.

 
   
 
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  FaultWire Staff
Posted: 5-Oct-2008
 
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Fix Defective Hardware
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Confirm the hardware is working correctly using a hardware diagnostic program. If you suspect a specific hardware item, such as memory stick or video card, try replacing it with known good hardware.

Don't overlook the possibility that hardware was not installed correctly, especially anything you installed just prior to the problems starting. Make sure all cards and memory are securely seated in their slots. Verify disk drive cables are properly connected and are not loose.

Several software products that offer an extensive range of hardware diagnostics includes Fix-It Utilities Professional and SystemSuite Professional. Other diagnostic products include Eurosoft's PC Check and Iolo's System Mechanic.

 
   
 
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  FaultWire Staff
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Also see our list of common Fatal Error Solutions.

 
 
 
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  Technical Details  
     
 
  technical details

After the Stop code will be 4 hex values: {Parameter 1, Parameter 2, Parameter 3, Parameter 4}.

Parameter 1 is not defined.

Parameter 2 is not defined.

Parameter 3 specifies the pointer to the hive (if available).

Parameter 4 specifies the return code of HvCheckHive (if available) if the hive is corrupt.

 
   
  Vendor Summary  
     
 
Vendor
  Microsoft Corporation (more info...)

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Phone
1-425-882-8080
1-800-642-7676

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    While BSoD fatal stop errors are identified by Microsoft Windows, they are often caused by non-Microsoft applications, drivers and hardware issues.  
   
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