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When a program causes a problem, in many cases an exception code is build by Windows to identify the nature of the fault. Use the Exception Solutions index to find information on a specific exception.
Faults occur when programs perform an action that is not recommended (a warning) or one that is not allowed (an error that is usually fatal). For example, if a program attempts to access protected memory, Windows will stop the program from running to protect the rest of the system and ensure a higher level of security.
This decoder helps split apart the the 32-bit NT status exception code into its functional parts and describes what each part of the code means. The code structure also allows for application vendors to create their own exception codes, which are not documented.
Decoded Exception 0xA3410004
What the Bits Mean
Severity Bits - 2 bit values:
Success (you would not see these)
Informational (you would not normally see these)
Warning (you may not see these)
non-Microsoft (all other bits are then defined by vendor)
Category (also referred to as the Facility code). These values are only valid when the Vendor is Microsoft in bit 29.
Remote Procedure Call Runtime
Remote Procedure Call Stubs
Input-Output Error Code
Windows Authentication (called NTSPI)
Multilingual User Interface (MUI) Error Code
USB Error Code
Human Interface Device (HID) Error Code
FireWire Error Code
Cluster Error Code
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) Error Code
Microsoft documents some of these details for programmers at MSDN NTSTATUS. Note that this MSDN document has the bits defined backwards 0 to 31 where they are really in the order of 31 to 0. (Last checked October-2012)